Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning. Can express him/herself ﬂuently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language ﬂexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.
Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. Can express him/herself spontaneously, very ﬂuently and precisely, differentiating ﬁner shades of Proﬁcient meaning even in more complex situations.